Santé Montréal

Chronic diseases

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Description

Chronic diseases are long-term health problems which usually evolve slowly. They are the leading cause of mortality in the world. 

The list of chronic diseases includes diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), heart failure, lung disease and cancer. These diseases are avoidable or, at the very least, can be delayed in their progression if specific risk factors are acted upon. In fact, three lifestyle behaviours are implicated in roughly 80% of deaths due to cardiovascular disease, 90% of deaths due to diabetes and about 30% of deaths due to cancer. These behaviours are smoking, poor nutrition and sedentary living.

Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Asthma education programme

To improve the understanding and management of asthma, most Montréal CLSCs offer an education programme for asthmatics. 

The subjects covered include:

  • asthma and its manifestations; 
  • asthma medications;
  • asthma triggers;
  • measures to prevent asthma attacks;
  • signs of deterioration. 

Individual and group sessions are available. Contact your CLSC.

Education programme on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) 

The CLSCs provide a range of services to people with COPD, which is usually caused by smoking. The most common forms of COPD are: 

  • chronic bronchitis; and
  • emphysema.

For more information, call your CLSC.

You can also go to the site of the Québec Lung Association.

Diabetes

Diabetes education centres

All CLSCs on the Island of Montréal offer an education programme for diabetics to help them better understand their disease and how to control it. 

In the education centres, diabetics referred by their doctors have access to a structured programme with services of a range of health professionals (nutritionists, social workers, kinesiologists, pharmacists, nurses, etc.) and a medical specialist, as needed. Programme participants are asked to commit for two to three years. 

A series of brochures full of practical information on diabetes have been published for the diabetes education centres :

Please contact your CLSC for information on how to obtain services from a diabetes education centre. 

Used syringe and needle recovery and disposal service for diabetics.

Some CLSCs provide a used syringe and needle recovery and disposal service for diabetics. For more information, contact your CLSC or visit the page regarding this topic on the Diabetes Québec website.

Hypertension

If you have hypertension (high blood pressure), several CLSCs offer an education programme that can help you lower your blood pressure, in particular by changing some of your lifestyle habits. Individual or group sessions are available depending on the CLSC. 

For more information, contact your CLSC.

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Symptoms

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When to Consult

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Complications

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Protection and prevention

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Risk factors

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Help and Resources

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Treatment

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People at Risk

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Dernière mise à jour le : 2015.12.09