Santé Montréal

Coronavirus COVID-19

Updated: 19 February 2020 
Date of publication: 22 January 2020

Current situation

The novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV was detected in the city of Wuhan (Hubei province) in China.
The virus causes respiratory infections with symptoms that include fever, cough and difficulty breathing. 

This virus is now called SARS-CoV-2. The disease associated with this virus is COVID-19.

At this point, there are no cases in Québec.
To see the situation in Canada, go to the Government of Canada website, Current situation section.

Risk for Canadians

The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has assessed the public health risk associated with COVID-19 as low for Canada.

Safety measures for travellers arriving from China

These individuals will be met at the airport by the authorities concerned.

The federal government is asking travellers who don’t have symptoms and have travelled to the province of Hubei to do the following:

  • Contact Info-Santé (811) within 24 hours of their arrival in Canada. 
  • Self-isolate at home for 14 days from the date that they left Hubei and monitor themselves for symptoms during this period. 

Travellers who self-isolate should do the following:

  • Avoid contact with: 
    - Older people
    - People who have a weakened immune system
    - People who have a chronic disease
  • Avoid having visitors to their home
  • Avoid social gatherings
  • Not go to the following places: work, school, daycare, health care facility*, seniors’ home
  • Limit their use of public transit (buses, taxis, carpooling);
  • Increase basic hygiene measures and cough and sneeze etiquette: 
    - Wash their hands often with soap under warm running water for at least 20 seconds.
    - Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.
    - Practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette: 
          - Cover the mouth and nose with your arm to reduce the spread of germs
          - If you use a tissue, dispose of it as soon as possible and wash your hands afterwards

If symptoms appear during self-isolation, you must contact Info-Santé (811) immediately, before going to the hospital. The Info-Santé nurse will give you clear information about the steps to follow. 

For more information, see the fact sheet prepared by the Public Health Agency of Canada for people who have travelled to the province of Hubei (PDF).

The Canadian government is asking travellers who don’t have symptoms to :

  • Monitor their health and watch for symptoms like fever, cough and difficulty breathing
  • Avoid crowded public spaces and places where it is difficult or impossible to stay isolated from other people if they get sick.

If symptoms appear, you must also self-isolate as quickly as possible and contact Info-Santé (811) immediately before going to the hospital. The Info-Santé nurse will give you clear information about the steps to follow.  

For more information, see the handout prepared by the Public Health Agency of Canada for people who have travelled to the province of Hubei (PDF).

Individuals who are planning to go to China 

For travellers to China, the public health risk is considered high. If you plan to travel, See the Government of Canada’s Travel Advice and Advisories for China

Prevention

The Montréal regional public health department invites the general population and everyone in schools, daycares and workplaces to follow proper hygiene measures as well as cough and sneeze etiquette at all times to prevent the spread of infections.

All respiratory infections can spread from person to person, for example, through droplets expelled into the air when an infected person sneezes or coughs, and by contact with hands. If you have symptoms of a respiratory infection (fever and cough), limit your contacts with other people to avoid infecting them. Always take the following precautions:

Hygiene and respiratory etiquette

  • When you sneeze or cough, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue.
  • Throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands thoroughly.

If you don't have a tissue, sneeze or cough into your elbow or upper arm. 
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Masks  

If you are not sick, wearing a mask to protect yourself is not recommended. The best ways to protect yourself from respiratory infections are to wash your hands regularly and avoid touching your face with your hands.

Any concerns about your health?

Contact Info-Santé (811).

Info-Santé nurses are available 24/7 all year round. They can recommend what to do, based on specific clinical protocols. They can also tell you when you should see a doctor and who to see, if necessary. Call 811.

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Éditée par : Direction régionale de santé publique.
Last Update : 27 February 2020