Santé Montréal

Coronavirus COVID-19 - For people with COVID-19


Transmission prevention

We ask you to follow these instructions to prevent the spread COVID-19 to people around you.

  • Do not go to school, to work, to a childcare centre or to any other public space
  • Do not use public transport
  • If you live alone and have no help to get essentials such as food or medication, use phone/online grocery and pharmacy home delivery services
  • Do not receive visitors at home
  • If you are living with other people who are not sick with COVID-19 :

    • Remain alone in one room of the house as often as possible and close the door
    • Eat and sleep alone in one room of the house
    • If possible use a bathroom reserved for your sole use. Otherwise, disinfect it after each use
    • Avoid as much as possible contact with other people in the home. If this is impossible, wear a mask. If a mask is not available, stay at least 2 metres away from other people

  • Open a window to air out your room and home often (weather permitting)
  • Do not go to a medical clinic unless you have first obtained an appointment and have notified the clinic that you have COVID-19. If you need to go to the emergency room (eg, if you have difficulty breathing), contact 911 and tell the person that you are sick with COVID-19
  • When someone is in the same room as you.
  • If you have to leave your home to seek medical care, you must first notify the medical clinic (or 911, if it is an emergency) that you have COVID-19.
  • Use a disposable tissue to cough, sneeze or blow your nose.
  • Discard the tissue in the garbage, and then wash your hands whit soap and water.
  • If you do not have disposable tissues, cough or sneeze in the crook of your arm.
  • Wash your hands often with soap under warm running water for at least 20 seconds
  • Use an alcohol-based hand rub if soap and water are not available
  • Wash your hands before eating and whenever your hands look dirty
  • After using the toilet, put the lid down before flushing and then wash your hands.
  • Do not share plates, utensils, glasses, towels, bed sheets or clothes with others.
  • Everyday, at the same hour, take your temperature
  • If you are taking medication for fever wait at least 4 hours before taking your temperature

The sick person’s sheets, towels and clothes can be washed with those of the other people in the household.

  • Wash in hot water.
  • Wear disposable gloves (avoid direct contact between your clothes and skin and the sick person’s clothes,sheets and towels).
  • Do not shake out the dirty laundry.

Utensils and dishes used by the sick person should be washed with your regular dish soap or detergent and water.

The sick person’s garbage can be thrown out with the household garbage. Close the garbage bag tightly.

Wash your hands with soap and water often :

  • After any contact with the sick person or with objects or surfaces they have touched (eg, night table, dishes);
  • Before and after preparing food, before eating, after using the toilet and whenever your hands look dirty;
  • Use an alcohol-based hand rub if soap and water are not available.

Clean and disinfect the following items at least once a day:

  • Surfaces the sick person touches often (eg, door handles, night table, bed frame and other furniture in the person’s room);
  • Bathroom and toilet.

If possible, the spaces reserved for use by the sick person should be cleaned and disinfected by them.

To disinfect, prepare a solution with 1 part household bleach and 9 parts cold water (eg. 1 cup bleach and 9 cups of water).

Having COVID-19 can be really hard physically and psychologically, but remember that it’s temporary! Most people who get COVID-19 recover fully and develop strategies to adapt while they are isolated.

Whether or not you have symptoms of COVID-19, it is normal to feel:

  • Stress
  • Angry or irritable
  • Bored
  • Scared
  • Guilt
  • Sad or depressed

Read about tips and tricks for you well-being when you have COVID-19. (PDF)

If someone close or a caregiver helps you

(eg, helps you for eating meals, using the bathroom, moving about in your home)

Ideally, only one person should be designated to help you. This person must be in good health and not have a chronic illness such as diabetes or be undergoing cancer treatment or taking several medications.

When a person is in the same room as you, you must wear a mask.

Before helping you, this person must:

1.    Wash their hands

2.    Wear a mask

3.    Put on disposable gloves

After helping you, the person must:

4.    Take off the gloves and put them in a garbage bin with a lid, out of reach of children

5.    Wash their hands

6.    Take off their mask, and put it into a garbage bin with a lid, out of reach of children

7.    Wash their hands again


Instructions to follow in case of severe symptoms

  • If your symptoms worsen: call 514-644-4545
  • If you have severe symptoms, including:

    - Difficulty breathing
    - Very out of breath
    - Chest pain

    Call 911 and tell the person you have COVID-19.

You can contact Info-Social 811

You can contact Info-Social 811 (24/7 psychosocial help line) if you are experiencing

  • Stress, anxiety
  • Emotional reactions (frequent crying, irritability, etc.)
  • Feelings of panic
  • Recurring ideas in your head that are overwhelming and making you afraid
  • Social repercussions of the illness

Professionals in psychosocial intervention will offer you support, and give you information and advice based on your needs.

When can home isolation be discontinued?

  • If you had symptoms but weren’t hospitalized in intensive care:
    You can end home isolation when you meet the following three conditions:
    1. At least 14 days have passed since you started getting sick (i.e. since the first day of your symptoms)
    2. You have not had any symptoms for at least 24 hours
    3. You have not had a fever for at least 48 hours

    IMPORTANT: Please note that if you still have symptoms or a fever on day 14, you must stay in isolation until you haven’t had any symptoms for at least 24 hours and haven’t had a fever for at least 48 hours. 
  • If you never had any symptoms:
    You can end home isolation 14 days after your test date.
  • If you have been hospitalized in intensive care for COVID-19 or are immunosuppressed or on corticosteroids: 
    you can end the isolation if you meet the following three conditions:
    1. At least 21 days have passed since the first day of illness (since the first day of your symptoms);
    2. You have had no symptoms for at least 24 hours
    You have not had a fever for at least 48 hours
  • If you are a healthcare worker:
    Please contact your health office for specific instructions.
    If your employer does not have a health unit, call 514-644-4545 to be able to do two control tests.


Participation in a study: Colcorona

You could be eligible to participate in a clinical study funded by the government of Quebec: COLCORONA.
Your participation could help us stop the progression of the disease.
For more information, visit

The Direction régionale de santé publique de Montréal would like to thank you for your important collaboration.


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Last Update : 17 July 2020