The Montréal regional public health department has published the first demographic and health profile of Aboriginal populations in Montréal. The profile, produced in collaboration with Aboriginal groups, collects and analyzes available data. The goal is to identify avenues for action to better respond to the needs of those populations and reduce the health disparities observed.
Here are some of the highlights of the profile:
- In Québec, Montréal is the city that hosts the highest number of people reporting an Aboriginal identity, that is, 13,100 people.
- The Aboriginal population in Montréal has grown considerably over the past 10 years, from 8,300 in 2006 to 13,100 in 2016.
- Compared with all Montrealers, Aboriginal people
- are more likely to have had suicidal thoughts in their lifetime: 33% vs. 9%;
- are less likely to perceive their health as good: 44% vs. 59%;
- smoke more: 39% vs. 21%;
- have lower median incomes: $22,000 vs. $26,900;
- live more often in dwellings in need of major repairs: 14% vs. 8%;
- are less educated: among 25- to 64-year-olds, 25% have university degrees, compared with 40% for all Montrealers.
The following avenues for action are proposed:
- In collaboration with Aboriginal groups, put in place a Canada-wide system to monitor the health of Aboriginal people in urban settings; the data collected will be used to better plan and adapt care and services for these populations.
- Provide access to culturally safe services, that is, healthcare settings where Aboriginal people are treated with empathy, dignity, and respect, from an overall health perspective that considers various aspects of the person, culture and environment.