The DRSP is reminding the public about how to prevent heat-related health problems
The heat wave currently sweeping across the province will last a few days. To prevent heat-related health problems, the Direction régionale de santé publique de Montréal (DRSP) is advising the public to:
- Drink lots of water and without waiting to get thirsty
- Spend 2 to 3 hours a day in a cool or air-conditioned area
- Take at least 1 cool shower or bath a day or cool down your skin several times a day with a wet towel
- Reduce physical exertion
- Never leave a child alone in a car or in a poorly ventilated room
The DRSP is also asking people to check on the well-being of their elderly relatives or people with physical or mental health problems.
Who is at risk?
In very hot weather, anyone can suffer from health effects ranging from dehydration and fatigue to dizziness, feelings of faintness, and heat stroke.
Some people are more vulnerable and may experience a rapid deterioration in their health:
- People aged 65 and over
- People with chronic cardiovascular, respiratory or kidney disease or diabetes
- People with mental health problems (especially schizophrenia and alcohol or drug addiction)
- Children aged 0 to 4 years
Living in a heat island is an increased risk factor for these individuals.
People quarantined at home (COVID-19)
People who must stay quarantined at home due to COVID-19 and who do not have air conditioning may experience aggravated heat-related effects that may deteriorate their health. If you are in this situation, you must comply with the quarantine instructions as much as possible. However, if the temperature in your home gets too high, you may leave to spend some time in a cooler area. To ensure everyone’s safety, you must abide by the following instructions when going outdoors:
- Wear a medical mask or a face cover.
- Wash your hands with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds after putting on a mask but before leaving your home.
- Take a break from the heat in a shaded outdoor area only, such as a park.
- Stay at least 2 metres away from other people at all times.
- Disinfect your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer just before going back inside.